How to make a music video

  • OK Go floats in zero gravity in their 2016 video ‘Upside Down & Inside Out’.
  • The zero-gravity video was filmed in one take and took 21 flights to perform perfectly.
  • With 12 engineers and Kulash’s father, OK Go built a two-storey Rube Goldberg machine.
  • For The One Moment music video OK Go filmed a series of actions in exactly 4,2 seconds.
  • Pictured is Kyle Lewis - South Africa’s favourite music video director.
  • Riky Rick, Casper Nyovest and Anatii video directed by Kyle Lewis.
  • A Standard Bank campaign also directed by Lewis.
  • Another Casper Nyovest music video by Lewis.
  • Kyle Lewis directed this incredible Nasty C music video.
Date:7 December 2017 Tags:, , , ,

The band OK Go uses technology, ingenuity and mildly dangerous stunts to reinvent a dying genre. After 350 million views, they tell their secrets. Here’s how you make a music video.

This article is part of our VIDEO series, proudly brought to you in association with Canon.

DAMIAN KULASH JR, lead singer of OK Go, likes to joke that his tombstone will read: “One of those treadmill guys.” He’s referring to the band’s 2006 breakout music video, in which the four members performed a synchronised dance on some gym equipment. If this were all Kulash is remembered for, it wouldn’t be a terrible thing: ‘Here It Goes Again’ has been viewed more than 37 million times. But we’ve got a better epitaph for the 41-year-old singer: The King of Viral Videos.

The band now puts out single-take stunt videos yearly, each with tens of millions of views. The members toss out ideas – “We should do something with dogs” – and what emerges are wild feats of engineering and imagination that often take months of planning to execute.

“To be honest, it’s a bad business model,” Kulash says. “The way to make money on YouTube is to make something extremely fast and sh*tty, and do it often. But this is a decent business model for a bunch of nerds who like making stuff.”

We wanted to get the story behind the band’s viral videos: what inspires them, how they’re planned, and what actually happens on set during filming. So we rented a studio in Los Angeles, queued up our favourite clips and watched live with Kulash. These are the stories he told us. – Mickey Rapkin

Music video by OK Go band

With 12 engineers and Kulash’s father, OK Go built a two-storey Rube Goldberg machine.

1. This too shall pass (2010)

With 12 engineers and Kulash’s father, OK Go built a two-storey Rube Goldberg machine.

After six months of working on this thing, we’re down to the night before shooting starts. We’re in an abandoned warehouse and the lights go out. A drunk driver hit the transformer. So we started testing the machine in the parking lot. People need saws and drills, so we hooked up to car batteries.

The video was shot over two floors; the second half was the bottom floor, and the camera goes down a lift shaft. The bottom floor was very predictable: a bowling ball rolling across the floor will go the same way every time. Random fluctuations of dust are not going to screw with it. Whereas dominoes fall differently every time. We wanted a world of colour when the chorus hit, so we attached big coloured flags to rat traps. Each trap set off the one in front of it.

We went through the machine 89 times, but many takes were only the first 20 seconds. We got to the end three times over three days of filming.

Music video by Ok Go band

The zero-gravity video was filmed in one take and took 21 flights to perform perfectly.

2. Upside Down & Inside Out (2016)

Band members performed choreographed movements in zero gravity.

We spent two weeks in Russia doing parabolic flights – six flights as total free-form play. We brought up every liquid and prop we could think of. The crew thought we were insane. They were like, “Are these really rich kids who are just wasting their time?”

We came up with basic choreography, then rehearsed. We’d budgeted for 20 flights: six as test, six as practice, and eight shooting. The first time you’re floating, you want to swim. But the amount of friction in the air is so minimal, it feels like you’re going to puke. I didn’t, but I was on heavy anti-nausea drugs. After a few times, the basic physics kick in. “If I push off that, I go that way… ”

When you’re brainstorming for this, people say, “Do confetti!” But confetti already looks like that. To make it exciting you want confetti made of bricks. Or disco balls. We tried piñatas filled with candy a few times, but bits of sugary chunk got everywhere. The inside of the plane was a sticky mess.

Basically, the reason for doing this entire thing was to burst paint balloons. We had done 20 flights, we felt like we got it in the last take. Everyone was like, “Party!” Then we get to the ground and the camera guy’s face is green. In the last shot, one of the paint balloons hit the camera lens. You can’t see anything. Nobody wanted to go back up, but we had to go for a 21st flight.

Music video by OK Go band

For The One Moment music video OK Go filmed a series of actions in exactly
4,2 seconds.

3. The One Moment (2016)

The band filmed a series of actions in exactly 4,2 seconds, then slowed the video down to reveal that each action (like exploding watermelons and paint cans) synced to the music.

Every time you see something in slow motion, there is this question: is that how the world works? Watching this four-and-a-half-second tape still makes me stressed out because there was so much anxiety around getting it to work.

I like this scene where Dan [Konopka] is cutting through the spray-paint cans; it’s this rocket of paint set to the beat. We did tests, and we quickly realised that to get eight cans to go off – to be at a frame rate around 2 000 frames a second – all of that has to happen in about a tenth of a second.

Which means that the thing he’s slicing the cans with has to be moving unbelievably fast, and with so much force. After hitting the first can, it doesn’t slow down significantly before the second and the third. It looks like Dan’s taking a baseball bat through there. In truth, it’s a hydraulic arm that’s yanking the bejesus out of him. He can barely hold on to that thing. He’s athletic, but most of the rehearsal takes of this, the thing goes sailing out of his hands.

Music video expert Kyle Lewis

Local is lekker

Kyle Lewis (pictured) is South Africa’s favourite music video director. The 29-year-old from Cape Town has worked with everyone from The Parlotones to Riky Rick. Lewis has been hailed for his unique aesthetic and international quality videos.

He shared his music video secrets with us:

1. Don’t let a budget hinder you

“I had a R2 000 budget for my first video,” says Lewis. Locnville’s breakout hit ‘Sun In My Pocket’ was Lewis’ big break. He chose the song from their debut album and it became an overnight success and a huge stepping-stone for the careers of both Lewis and Locnville.

“The video was simple. We used friends as extras. I didn’t think anything would come of it, but it ended up being a breakout hit for Locnville.”

After doing a few more Locnville videos, Lewis shot Goodluck’s hit ‘Taking It Easy’ and went on to direct eight music videos for them.

2. Step out of the box

Lewis is well known for hip-hop music videos. He wasn’t afraid to make the jump from pop/rock to rap. “I worked with The Parlotones on their collaboration with rapper Khuli Chana and that’s how I got introduced to hip-hop. That video went on to win me a South African Music Award. I like the creative freedom that hip-hop gives me. The artists pretty much let me do anything that I want.”

3. Be proudly South African

Often South African art is castigated for looking “too American”. Lewis makes sure not to fall into that trap.

“I can’t really describe my video aesthetic, but I would associate my visuals with the terms Afro-centric and Afro-futurism. There is always a distinct African touch to my work. In South Africa, we have a strong creative tone and we need to harness that.”

4. Have a signature

Over the years it has become easier to tell Lewis’s work apart from the rest. “I am consistently me; I don’t try to be like anybody else. In every music video there is an element that I create myself; usually a headpiece, a mask, shoulder piece or glasses. Hip-hop artists are always willing to push the boundaries when it comes to their appearance, so I get to create elaborate pieces for them.

5. Use the resources you have

The Alexa mini and Phantom Flex 4K are Lewis’ cameras of choice, but he understands that an up-and-coming director may not be able to afford a high quality camera just yet.
“Shoot as much as you can on whatever you can. Use a phone to create short films, and post your films online to gain exposure. Use free tools to edit your work. It doesn’t have to look perfect at first. Just keep working at it.” Lewis recommends any phone with a 4K camera, or a GoPro, for beginners.

“Success will not happen in a day. You have to be patient and stick it out. Use what you have until you can afford the type of equipment you really want.”