Did you know Hawaii is home to the world’s most active volcano? Since 1960 the Kīlauea volcano has had multiple near constant eruptions, with the longest lasting from 1983 until now.

The Kīlauea volcano is located on the largest southernmost island – known as Big Island – and is the youngest of the Hawaiian volcanoes.

In 2008 a new vent opened in the volcanic crater. This opening was followed by a large explosion, after which a lava lake appeared. Lava lakes are large amounts of molten lava contain within a volcanic vent or crater, or even inside a large depression. Since the lake appeared researchers have been analyzing it to find out more about the physics of lava flows, including the channel that magma follows to the surface called the magmatic conduit.

Watch the video above for information from volcanologist Einat Lev, as well as incredible lava footage from the Kīlauea volcano.

Video credit: The Earth Institute, Columbia University