• A New 3.8 kilometre particle accelerator is being built in Long Island

    Date:25 September 2020 Author: Kyro Mitchell

    The US Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory at Upton, Long Island will be the home of a newly built Electron-Ion Collider project, a new collider that will hopefully unlock the mysterious secrets behind electrons and how exactly they work.

    The Electron-Ion Collider will function in a similar matter to CERN’s Large Hadron Collider, in which electrons and protons will be smashed together using the collider at extremely high speeds to produce images showing the make up of their internal structure. Researchers will use the information gathered to get a better understanding of the building blocks behind Gluons and Quarks. In particular, researchers will look to identify the force that binds an atomic nucleus, along with the electrons that surround it.

    The Electron-Ion Collider project will primarily be funded by Department of Energy, which will look to provide up to  $2.6 billion in funding, with the State of New York also providing an additional $100 million. The funding will be used to construct a 3.8 kilometre long ring at Brookhaven National Laboratory facility.

    The Electron-Ion Collider will replace the lesser-known Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven, which was designed to fire heavy ions at each other with the intention of causing a collision that researchers could then study. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider will be decommissioned in 2025 to make way for its upgrade, the Electron-Ion Collider which is scheduled to begin its first collisions in 2031.

    Image credit: Twitter/@igor_os777

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