The European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN, has recently approved plans to construct a new $23 billion super-collider with a colossal 100km circumference.
If the new super collider, which has been dubbed the Future Circular Collider (FCC) is a success, it would be able to smash particles together with over 100 TeV (teraelectronvolts) of energy, thus creating more of the sought-after Higgs boson particles, which were first discovered in 2012.
According to the CERN council press release, “Such a machine would produce copious amounts of Higgs bosons in a very clean environment, would make dramatic progress in mapping the diverse interactions of the Higgs boson with other particles and [allow] measurements of extremely high precision.”
The FCC is said to be built in two stages, according to a detailed plan by the CERN Council. The first iteration would see electrons and positrons smashed together to maximise the production of Higgs bosons particles. This will give scientists a chance to get more data on the elusive particle. Decades later, however, this collider would be replaced with a more substantial collider capable of 100 TeV. The current Large Hadron Collider is capable of producing only 16 TeV.
Construction on the 100km long FCC is set to start in 2038, however, funding such an ambitious project is going to require a lot of money, so much so that CERN will need to look for funding from sources outside of the EU member state nations. This could lead to the creation of a new global organisation that includes countries with existing big physics efforts such as China, Japan, and the USA.