• Scientists prove how big the Megalodon actually was

    Date:9 September 2020

    If you’ve ever tuned into Discovery’s Shark Week or sat through the so-bad-it’s-good Jason Statham Flick The Meg, you know the prehistoric Otodus megalodon shark—one of the most ferocious apex predators to ever roam the seas—was positively gigantic. But now, scientists have figured out just how massive the megalodon really was.

    After the researchers studied the build and size of five ecologically and physiologically similar surviving shark relatives (the shortfin mako, the longfin mako, the salmon shark, the porbeagle, and of course, the great white), they deduced that a 16 metre long megalodon likely had the following measurements: a 4-metre-long head, a 1-metre-tall dorsal fin, and a 3-metre-high tail. As The Guardian points out, “this means an adult human could stand on the back of the shark and be about the same height as the dorsal fin.”

    Up until now, we’ve been trying to size up the meg based almost exclusively on a few fossils, including their teeth and the anatomy of sharks from the same lineage, like the great white (Carcharodon carcharias). But those figures were always estimates. And it turns out the meg was actually more closely related to a mako shark ancestor.

    In addition to the bracketing, the scientists used linear models and geometric morphometric analyses to create a 2D megalodon reconstruction.

    Credit: COOPER ET AL.

     

    The megalodon, which had a solid 13 million-year run as king of the sea, went extinct around 3.6 million years ago. Since the meg’s body was mostly comprised of cartilage, which does not fossilize, scientists have been using the shark’s sizable teeth (some surpassing 17 centimetres top to bottom), vertebrae, and poop fossils to figure out the meg’s body measurements.

    The team hopes its research can inform additional studies and analyses in the future. But for now, we’re 16 metres closer to unraveling the mysteries of this ancient beast.

    This article was published to Popular Mechanics on 8 September 2020 and written by Daisy Hernandez.

     

    Image credit: Pixabay



    Latest Issue :

    July/August 2020