The depth of the hole depends on the temperature you can take.
Elon Musk’s got everyone thinking about tunnels these days, with their potential to change transportation and alleviate traffic. But how far down can you go before digging gets impossible, whether you’re trying to go down or horizontal?
The deepest hole you could actually fall into is the Moab Khotsong mineshaft in the Free State, southwest of Johannesburg. At 3 kilometres down, the fall down would be a lengthy 25 seconds. That’s probably enough time to text someone “Uh oh I am falling to my death.”
While only 9 inches in diameter, the deepest artificial hole in the world belongs to Russia, a project of the former Soviet Union. In a sort of reverse Space Race, both the United States and the USSR made attempts from the 50’s through the 70’s at the deepest hole ever dug. While the US discontinued funding in 1966, the Kola Superdeep Borehole, which began construction in 1970, eventually hit 12,2 kilometres down. That’s almost half the distance to the Earth’s mantle.
RealLifeLore looks at different landmarks in the quest to get really, really, deep:
The limiting factor is almost always the temperature. The Kola was abandoned in 1992 when workers hit 180 degrees Celsius, far hotter than they had anticipated. The tunnel was eventually closed off in the early 2000’s. While there doesn’t seem to be much interest in getting lower – the Kola helped discover microscopic plankton, which is nice but hardly inspiring like space—perhaps The Boring Company, if it can live up to its own hype, will spark a worldwide tunnel phenomena.
Video credit: RealLifeLore
Image credit: National Science Foundation/B. Gudbjartsson, IceCube Collaboration
This article was originally written for and published by Popular Mechanics USA.